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 제목 |  [Press Release] Lateral Organic Solar Cell: Foldable and functional
 작성자 |  Admin   작성일 |  2015/04/04 1:19 pm

인터넷 태양광발전 뉴스사이트(Solar Novus)에 김민박사의 최근 연구가 보도되었습니다. 짝짝짝

A Web Newpage SolarNovus reported about Dr. M. Kim's recent work on the Lateral Solar Cells

See more at http://www.solarnovus.com/lateral-organic-solar-cell-foldable-and-functional_N8713.html


Lateral Organic Solar Cell: Foldable and functional

The foldable organic solar cell developed at the Pohang University of Science and Technology can still function even when deformed

Researchers at the Pohang University of Science and Technology in South Korea have designed the first lateral organic solar cell (LOSC) that remains fully functional even after being bent hundreds of times.

The pioneering LOSC, which consists of laterally pre-patterned asymmetric electrodes and a simple solution-deposited bulk-heterojunction active layer, was fabricated using solution-processed organic nanowire blends on a flexible substrate. “The main advantage of lateral-architecture devices over conventional vertical architecture is that they can be fabricated on any substrate and can be mechanically deformed without loss of performance.” says Cho Kilwon, chemical engineering professor at Pohang and one of the leaders of the research team. 

Traditionally, substrates, electrodes and photo-active layers are stacked in solar cells, making the device stiff. Cho notes that a vertical structure, even when fabricated on flexible plastic substrates, limits device flexibility due to unavoidable delamination at interfaces and the brittleness of the transparent conducting ITO electrode, which leads to electrical shorting when deformed.

His cell, by contrast, has a novel, horizontal structure that includes semiconductor nanowires. The cell with demonstrated photovoltages of over 3 V has only one layer and can maintain photoelectric efficiency even after being bent many times. “The developed integrated LOSC module devices on a flexible plastic substrate exhibit continuous and stable operation under mechanical stress, such as bending and folding,” Cho reports. “Our devices were highly durable, even after 300 bending cycles with a curvature radius of 5 mm.”

Optimizing for commercialization

The novel device structure comprises laterally pre-patterned asymmetric electrodes and a simple solution-deposited active layer. To optimize power conversion efficiency, the team incorporated self-assembled polymer nanowires into the active layer for a high photocurrent generation and an efficient charge collection. “These structures significantly increase the carrier diffusion/drift length and overall generated photocurrent in the photoactive layer,” Cho explains. 

Because of the lateral composition, the sunlight directly reaches the photo-active layer, rendering a light-collecting transparent substrate inessential. Additionally, the expert says the LOSC devices are useful for module integration with parallel or series connections simply by designing interdigitated electrode patterns, whereas conventional vertical architectures require the isolation of individual devices connected in series or in parallel.

One major obstacle for the commercialization of lateral organic solar cells are the relatively low power conversion efficiencies compared to conventional vertical devices. “We are now working on enhancing performances of the lateral organic solar cells by optimizing the processing conditions and designing new conjugated polymers,” says Cho. “Moreover, we are trying to combine the lateral solar cell strategy with various solution-printing techniques to deposit electrodes and organic layers for the realization of flexible and foldable large-area LOSCs. We expect that this preliminary study will provide a foundation for the development of low-cost large-area flexible photovoltaic devices within several years.”

The research is detailed in the article “Solar Cells: Lateral Organic Solar Cells with Self-Assembled Semiconductor Nanowires,” published in and featured on the cover of Advanced Energy Materials.



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